Slovenščina in Jugoslovanska ljudska armada

  • Aleš Gabrič Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino, Kongresni trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana
Keywords: Yugoslavia, Slovenia, language policy, Slovenian language, Yugoslav People's Army, language inequality, language of command, Jaka Avšič



Despite the promises from the wartime years, after World War II the new communist authorities in Yugoslavia introduced the use of a single language, Serbian or Serbo-Croatian, in the military matters. The constitution of 1963 even enacted the privileged position of the Serbo-Croatian language. In the debates about the relations between the nations during the 1960s the Slovenian political leadership avoided military discussions and demanded a greater equality of languages in the other areas, but not in the military matters as well. The retired General Jaka Avšič was the first to call for Slovenian military units, which would use the Slovenian language. In April 1969 the resolution on the implementation of the constitutional principles of the equality of languages and scripts was adopted by the Yugoslav Assembly, encouraging even livelier debates about the privileged position of one language and neglect for other languages in the military matters. However, no major changes took place, since the state leadership retained the privileged position of the Serbo-Croatian language in the 1974 Constitution as well and put a stop to the arguments about this issue in the media.

Author Biography

Aleš Gabrič, Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino, Kongresni trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana
Dr., znanstveni svetnik