The Primorska Region Economy in ihe Time of Allied Occupied Zones (1945-1954)

  • Jože Prinčič Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino, Kongresni trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana
Keywords: Military government of the Yugoslav Army (VUJA), Free Territory of Trieste (FTT), Zone B of Venezia Giulia, Zone B of the Free Territory of Trieste, economy, UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration), jugolira, UDB


The spring of 1945 did not represent such a turning point for the Primorska region economy as for most of the Slovenian territory, which became a part of the Federal Republic of Slovenia and where the expedited renewal and transformation of economic life began. The internationalisation of the territorial dispute between Yugoslavia and Italy resulted in the establishment of occupation zones with their individual administrative and economic regimes. This resulted in isolation and continued stagnation of the Primorska region economy, which had already begun during the Italian occupation. Due to changed circumstances, in the following years it developed in the overall state of emergency and uncertainty about the final affiliation. Only abundant loans of goods and financial resources by Yugoslavia kept it alive.