The Place of the Second World War in the Internal Evolution of Post War Slovenia and Yugoslavia

  • Božo Repe Oddelek za zgodovino Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, Aškerčeva cesta 2, SI-1000
Keywords: Second World War, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, consequences, polemics, reassessment


In the paper, the author deals with a change of attitudes towards the Second World War, emerged in Yugoslavia after the death of Josip Broz-Tito in 1980. The 1980 marked by stormy polemics over the recent history and especially the Second World War. These polemics grew progressively nationalistic until, in the late 1980s, all institutional and personal contacts between Yugoslav historians were broken. In Slovenia, the polemics have mainly focused on the role of the Communist Party, collaboration during the National Liberation War, seizure of power after the War, execution of members of the Home Guard (Domobranci) and retaliation against political adversaries. The author concludes that - in the context of the momentous changes in Europe after 1990, the disintegration of Yugoslavia, and the independence and democratization of Slovenian society - a reassessment of the Second World War has been inevitable but despite that, the majority of Slovenes continue to view positively the Fascist and resistance movement of that war.