"Yugoslavism" and Inter-Ethnic Relations in Yugoslavia in the 1950's

  • Mateja Režek
Keywords: Yugoslavia, communists, national question, interethnic relations, Yugoslavism


In her paper, the author deals with the inter-etbnic relations in Yugoslavia and the phenomenon of Yugoslav integralism in the 1950's. This decade saw the resurfacing of the national question, essential for the preservation of Yugoslavia, which had been underestimated and ignored by the communists for over a decade. This attitude was partly rooted in their conviction that the question had been definitely resolved with the revolution and the formation of a federal slate, and partly in the fear that a reopening of the national question might provoke internal conflicts and a disintegration of Yugoslavia. Infatuation with workers' internationalism also played its part. In order to smooth over the inter-ethnic differences they recoursed to the magic formula of "brotherhood and unity" to which was added, in the mid 1950's, the promotion of "Yugoslavism" i.e. an attempt to fashion a (super)ethnic, Yugoslav conscience.