Territorial Scope of Jewish Religious Comunity in the Territory of Today's Slovenia Before World War II


  • Andrej Pančur Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino, Kongresni trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana


Slovenia, Habsburg Monarchy, Yugoslavia, Jews, religious congregations, legislation, emancipation


The formation and territorial scope of Jewish religious communities in the territory of today's Slovenia was, before World War II, inseparable from the settlement structure of the Jewish population in this area. Thus the first Jewish communities formed in the context of Hungary in the Prekmurje region (Lendava, Murska Sobota and, temporarily, Beltinci), where Jews had been settling in more significant numbers ever since the end of the 18th century. In the Carniola and Lower Styria comunity, Jews only started settling permanently after 1867, and in 1893 they were included in the Jewish in Graz. After Yugoslavia has been formed, the former Kranjska region Jews joined the Jewish in Zagreb, while the former Štajerska region Jews joined the Jewish in Varaždin. The author of this article carries out a very precise analysis of how these Jews were annexed to the Jewish in Murska Sobota in 1929 and of the resistance that this annexation caused.






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