"Panslavism, Panslavism, Everybody Would Yell!" On the history of Slavism, Slovenianism and the German fear of Panslavism 1788-1861

  • Marko Zajc Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino
Keywords: Slavs, Germans, Habsburg Monarchy, Slovenians, Panslavism


The idea of Slavism is inseparably linked with the development of the Slovenian national thought. The use of wider, Slavic notion to surpass provincial and regional borders was present since the very beginning of the Slovenian nationalism which was closely connected with the neighbouring German element. Herders's views on language as the essence of the nation and his praise of Slavs play an important role. At the end of Napoleon's Wars a general fear of Russia overcame Europe. Three different aspects of attitude towards Russia existed in the German-Austrian public: Russia as a reactionary state (internal policy aspect), Russia as a Slavic force (national aspect) and Russia as an expansive force (foreign policy aspect). The Slovenian national movement also operated in this context and had to struggle against being accused of Panslavism and Pro-Russianism from the beginning of its political action.