Some Peculiarities in the Elections in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in the 1930s

  • Blaž Vurnik Mestni muzej Ljubljana
Keywords: Kingdom of Yugoslavia, elections, politics, the National Assembly


The paper deals with some peculiarities surrounding the elections and the pre-electoral activities in different political camps in the 1930s in the Slovene part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. From the electoral viewpoint the above period saw a step backwards in already democratically questionable electoral standards in the 1920s. Government pressure on the voters, especially by demanding loyalty from civil servants, an electoral law full of restrictions regarding political assembly and running in the elections, and, most of all, the absence of a secret ballot, gave the elections more the character of affirming the ruling regime rather than a lever of political democracy. The political culture of the pre-electoral struggle preserved the elements of government violence in the pre-electoral events from the 1920s. However, these were on a smaller scale in Dravska banovina than in other parts of the kingdom. The development of the electoral legislation, which saw the greatest change with regards to the general reorganization of the state in the beginning of 1930s, reduced the democraticity of certain political rights to political assembly (by banning the parties on religious, ethnic and similar basis) and to a secret ballot.