The Development of the Military Judiciary of the Slovene Resistance Movement Between 1941 and 1945

  • Damijan Guštin Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino
Keywords: Second World War, partisan army, National Liberation Army and partisan detachments in Slovenia, repression, justice


The author analyses the main phases in the development of the military judiciary set up by the resistance movement in Slovenia in the years between 1941 and 1945, and their jurisdiction. At first, these military courts only operated periodically at detachment level, then as extraordinary courts, and from Autumn 1943 onwards as general regular courts with competence for both the members of the partisan units and the remainder of the public in all punishable cases. In Autumn 1944 the competence of the military courts was limited to military personnel and only certain criminal acts committed by civilians, especially war crimes, but also to those classified as "national enemies". Due to the federal structure of the new state, the military court system developed unevenly resulting in varying resolutions and urgent adjustments. The military court system also continued in the post-war period but with its competence reduced to military personnel and war related crimes in August 1945.