The Unitary and Centralist Character of the June 28, 1921, Constitution


  • Jurij Perovšek Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino, Kongresni trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana


Kraljevina SHS, vidovdanska ustava, centralizem, unitarizem


The author discusses the issue of the unitary and centralist character of the Yugoslav constitution adopted on June 28, 1921, an question that has not been devoted any particular attention to so far. The constitution was founded on the unitary-centralist Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes that eliminated from the ranks of national entities the Slovene and other peoples of Yugoslavia, introducing an imaginative (Yugoslav) ethnic entity within the strict centralist state system. The author emphasizes the fact that Slovenes reacted to this character of the 1921 constitution as early as 1923 when a majority opted for a national programme of autonomy within a federal state, and insisted on it until the very end of the first Yugoslav state.






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