Activity of Workers Cultural Society "Svoboda - Vzajemnost" in Maribor from its Foundation to 1941

  • Dragan Potočnik Pedagoška fakulteta Univerze v Mariboru
Keywords: culture, education, societies, worker's organisations, social democratic party, Slovenia


The Workers' Cultural Society Svoboda (Freedom) was a leading workers' cultural organization in Maribor between the two World Wars. The society contributed greatly to the rise of popular education and culture. It was divided into several sections such as drama and recitals, sports, nature trips, chess, singing and tamburitsa. The society organized lectures on issues related to the workers' movement. In 1935, the Svoboda society was banned by the authorities because of its political activity. However, only a year later, the Vzajemnost (Solidarity) Society was founded in its stead. It organized lectures, discussions, cultural evenings, singing and theatrical performances, thereby contributing towards a greater general education and Marxist re-education. By dealing with the current socio-economic issues, it attracted workers as well as inteligentsia and students. Among those who collaborated with the Vzajemnost were several prominent Slovenian cultural workers, such as Bogo Teply, Ivan Favai, Jože Babič and Anton Tanc.