Finis Austriae et Hungariae

(The disintegration of the Habsburg Monarchy and the formation of states-successors: the Czechoslovak Republic and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes)

  • Jure Gašparič Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino, Kongresni trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana
Keywords: Slovenes, Slovaks, Habsburg Monarchy, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Czechoslovakia, politics, 1918


In the paper, the author deals comparatively with the fate of two central European peoples - the Slovenes and the Slovaks - which, after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, were faced with similar problems under their new states. Their integration, in 1918, into new political and economic realities, although these were more promising than the one in Austria-Hungary, gave rise to many difficulties. Using both the Slovene and the Slovak sources, the author focuses on the political separation of both nations from the Danube monarchy as well as their situation in their new states: the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the first Czechoslovak Republic.