Integration of the Territories of Slovakia and Slovenia Into the Economic Reality of Their New States in 1918

  • Jure Gašparič Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino, Kongresni trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana
Keywords: Slovenians, Slovaks, economy, economic policy, economic system, Kingdom of the SCS, national economy


The paper compares the process of the Slovene and the Slovak integration into their new political and economic realities after the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The economic problems of the two peoples were rooted in the fact that both Czechoslovakia and the Kingdom of SCS came into being through the unification of different cultural, political and economic environments. On the basis of the Slovene and the Slovak sources, the author presents the economic situation in Slovenia and Slovakia at the end of Austria-Hungary, transportation related difficulties on the markets of the newly founded states, as well as those arising from their non-harmonized taxation policies and the introduction of their new currencies. The paper concludes with the presentation of two basic economic orientations (the autonomist and the centralist) which took shape in Slovenia and Slovakia in answer to their economic problems.