Women in the Labour Market or a Time of Changes (1880-1910)
Čas sprememb 1880-1910
The paper deals with the issue of women's integration and adaptation to the new conditions in the market of labour and earning in Carniola, which were dictated by a gradual establishment of a capitalist and industrial production. An analysis has been made on the basis of the occupational statistics (Berufsstatistik) which were published by the Austrian government after the decennial, general censuses between 1880 and 1910. This analysis shows that the women in Carniola participated intensively in the new processes, that the number of earning women increased over the passing decades, not only in agriculture but also in other sectors of the economy, and that special and different conditions, from those of men, were applied to them in the labour market. The economic sector, the occupation and the manner in which women could earn was very much determined by the level of economic development in a given political district, as well as by the situation in the labour market.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).