Russian Czarism and the Revolution in 1848
On the basis of an analysis of documentary material, the author elucidates the counter-revolutionary standpoints and activities of the Russian czarism and czar Nikolaj I himself in 1848. He mentions the viewpoints of Marx and Engels who expected czarist attack on the revolution, and discusses thereupon the Russian preparations for the outbreak of the revolution in Central Europe, the repression of the revolutionary movement in Russian Poland and the military intervention in the Danubian principalities.. He points to the strengthening of the anti-Russian feeling in European democrats and the introduction of their denomination of the czarist Russia as the »international gendarme« or the »refuge of the reaction«.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).