The National Federative State in Karl Renner and Otto Bauer

  • Rudolf Neck


The author discusses briefly the problems concerning the attitude of the social democracy towards the national question and emphasizes that, in order to elucidate this attitude in a satisfactory manner, an investigation of the economic development of the Habsburg monarchy is essential. He elucidates the attitude of Austro-Marxism towards the national question by explaining in the first place the conceptions of Karl Renner and Otto Bauer, the leading theoreticians in the party. The theoretical construction of the reorganization of the monarchy did not succeed in the party due to the lack of determination and the lack of political instruments necessary for offensive internationalist struggle. A national federative state proved to be a Utopia, the reasons for this Utopia being very complex in a multinational state.