Divergences on Occupation Policy in the First Half of the Year 1943

  • Czesław Madajczyk


The author presents considerations and attempts of Nazi and fascist authorities in the beginning of 1943 (when they were defeated at Stalingrad) to gain the collaboration of population in occupied territories of the Soviet Union by political means with a new and milder policy. But, most of all, Italians tried to convince Germans that the Axis powers should draw up their own charter in opposition to the allied Atlantic Charter and its planned arrangement of the world after the war. In the so-called European charter, the Axis powers would present to the occupied nations their own views on the postwar world and explain what these nations would gain by the victory of the Axis. The Italian proposal did not succeed with Germans.