Austrians and the National Socialism: Victims or Perpetrators?

On Relation to Resistance and Collaboration

  • Wolfgang Neugebauer


The discussion is based on the author's opinion that the National Socialism as the Austrian version of fascism, was an autochthonous political movement and not merely a branch of German National Socialism. Namely, the share of Austrian population affiliated with the Nazi Party during the World War II was above the average in Third Reich. Moreover, the Austrians were to a large extent the co-perpetrators of Nazi policy in occupied states. The author also presents the resistance against Nazism in Austria. The Resistance Movement was not uniform; it was divided territorially as well as ideologically and politically. The author finds that Austria was liberated by the allies and that more allied soldiers were killed on that occasion than there were members of Austrian Resistance Movement.