Represija, zločini in nezakonitosti vojaških in civilnih organov oblasti v hrvaškem delu Istre (1945–1950)

  • Darko Dukovski Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta na Rijeci, Sveučilišna avenija 4, HR - 51000 Rijeka
Keywords: Istria, history after WWII, political repression, OZNA/UDBA

Abstract

REPRESSION, CRIMES AND WRONGFUL ACTS OF THE MILITARY AND CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES IN THE CROATIAN PART OF ISTRIA 1945–1950

In the first five years after World War II, a process of a state‐legal transition or unification with Slovenia and Croatia in the context of Yugoslavia took place in Istria. During this very sensitive period of the division of its territory, uncertainty, socio‐political transformation and establishment of the new authorities, numerous illegalities, repression and crimes were committed against everyone who tried to hinder or prevent these processes. The repression was aimed against the former wartime enemies, war criminals, collaborators, fascists, ideological, political and national enemies, and often also against the former allies and fellow fighters – in short, against anyone preventing or hindering the political agenda of the Communist Party. The Department for the Protection of People (OZNA) and, since March 1946, State Security Administration (UDV) represented the pillar of the repression policy of the new authorities and a characteristic example of secret politi‐ cal police, which was formed during the establishment and in the first years of the new state and entrusted with the task of “defending” the state from external and internal enemies. The second pillar of repression consisted of administrative departments of people’s committees, while the third one was made up of municipal, district and administrative unit courts.

Author Biography

Darko Dukovski, Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta na Rijeci, Sveučilišna avenija 4, HR - 51000 Rijeka
Dr., redni profesor
Published
2015-05-24