Primorska (Slovenian Littoral) and Italian Concentration Camps
Keywords:occupier, Slovene Littoral, violence, internment, concentration camp
The paper deals with the mass deportations of Slovenes from the Ljubljana region, following the so-called disarmament raids by the occupier in February and March 1942. It also presents the establishment of temporary concentration camps in Čiginj and Dolenja Trebuša, in the Julian March. From September 1942, after Slovenes from Primorska had begun joining the Slovenian partisan units in great numbers, the occupier retaliated by deporting their relatives to the prisons in Kostanjevica near Gorizia (for women) and Zdravščina (for men). After February 1943, 2,250 prisoners were deported to concentration camps in Italy. Men were sent to Cairo Montenotte in Liguria and women to Freschette di Alatri.
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